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xanthine

Encyclopedia

  • [edit] Clinical significance of xanthine derivatives. Derivatives of xanthine, known collectively as xanthines, are a group of alkaloids commonly used for their effects as mild stimulants and as bronchodilators, notably in treating the symptoms of asthma. — “Xanthine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”, en.wikipedia.org
  • Xanthine oxidase (XO (sometimes 'XAO'), a form of xanthine oxidoreductase that generates reactive oxygen species[2]) is an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of hypoxanthine to xanthine and can further catalyze the oxidation of xanthine to uric acid. — “Xanthine oxidase - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”, en.wikipedia.org
  • Xanthine dehydrogenase belongs to the group of molybdenum-containing hydroxylases involved in the oxidative metabolism of purines. Xanthine dehydrogenase can be converted to xanthine oxidase by reversible sulfhydryl oxidation or by irreversible proteolytic modification.[1]. — “Xanthine dehydrogenase - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”, en.wikipedia.org

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