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  • Thus, the terms ending in -osmotic (isosmotic, hyperosmotic, hyposmotic) are not synonymous with the terms ending in -tonic (isotonic, hypertonic, hypotonic). The terms are related in that they both compare the solute concentrations of two solutions separated by a membrane. — “Osmolarity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”,
  • It is stimulated by angiotensin II and aldosterone, and inhibited by atrial natriuretic peptide. It is very efficient, since more than 25,000 mmoles In other words, the absorption in the proximal tubule is isosmotic. — “Renal sodium reabsorption - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”,
  • An example of an accessory digestive gland is the exocrine pancreas.[1] The pancreas secretes an isosmotic fluid containing bicarbonate ions, which helps buffer the acid concentrationchyme, and several enzymes, including. — “Accessory digestive gland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”,


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